Introduction and Motivation
Our goal is to develop techniques to create artificial macromoluclar membranes  and determine their structure and  physical properties on the molecular length scale. Our studies are multi-disciplinary encompassing the following areas:

Surface  Chemistry
By mimicking biomineralization and recognition processes,  adsorption and crystallization of unique monomolecular membranes can be formed from solutions.
Low Dimensional Physics
Membranes at aqueous surfaces are highly two-dimensional systems that can  be used as model systems to shed light on theoretical models.
Biological Systems
The physical and structural properties of lipid and protein membranes can be related to their function in living organisms.
Apply in-situ X-ray and neutron scattering techniques, reflectivity and diffraction at grazing angles of incidence (GIXD) to Langmuir Monolayers.
Schematic view of a cell membrane. Membranes of all living cells and  organelles within cells consist of lipid bilayers interpenetrated with specifics surface  proteins, cholesterol, and other organic compounds that combine to give functional macromolecules that determine transport of matter and energy through them.  Although many crsytallographic  studies were dedicated to intra-cellular proteins,  very little structural research  about surface proteins was conducted  because they do not form 3D crystals readily.  Surface proteins are more likely to form 2D crystals at aqueous surfaces.